Heather K. Caldwell

Biological Sciences
Office Location:
114 Cunningham Hall
Contact Information


Research Interests:

The neural regulation of behavior. Specifically the roles of neuropeptides in the modulation of social behaviors and neuropsychiatric disorders.


Courses Taught:

Hormones and Behavior

Writing in Biological Sciences


1995, B.A. in Biology, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 1998, M.S. in Biology, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro , 2004, Ph.D. in Biology, Georgia State University , 2007, Postdoctoral Fellow, Section on Neural Gene Expression, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health


Neuroendocrinology, Behavioral Neuroscience, Oxytocin, Vasopressin, Social Behavior, Models of Neuropsychiatric Disease


  • Pharmacological manipulation of oxytocin receptor signaling during mouse embryonic development results in sex-specific behavioral effects in adulthood. Aulino EA and Caldwell HK. Horm Behav. 2021. Sep; 135. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2021.105026
  • Effects of arginine vasopressin on Richardson's ground squirrel social and vocal behavior. Freeman AR, Hare JF, Anderson WG, Caldwell HK. Behav Neurosci. 2018 Feb;132(1):34-50. doi: 10.1037/bne0000225.
  • Social Context, Stress, Neuropsychiatric Disorders, and the Vasopressin 1b Receptor. Caldwell HK, Aulino EA, Rodriguez KM, Witchey SK, Yaw AM. Front Neurosci. 2017 Oct 16;11:567. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2017.00567. eCollection 2017. Review.
  • Oxytocin and Vasopressin: Powerful Regulators of Social Behavior. Caldwell HK. Neuroscientist. 2017 Oct;23(5):517-528. doi: 10.1177/1073858417708284. Epub 2017 May 11.
  • Genotypic differences in intruder-evoked immediate early gene activation in male, but not female, vasopressin 1b receptor knockout mice. Witchey SK, Stevenson EL, Caldwell HK. BMC Neurosci. 2016 Nov 24;17(1):75.
  • Oxytocin and behavior: Lessons from knockout mice. Caldwell HK, Aulino EA, Freeman AR, Miller TV, Witchey SK. Dev Neurobiol. 2017 Feb;77(2):190-201. doi: 10.1002/dneu.22431. Epub 2016 Nov 24. Review.
  • Sex Differences in the Embryonic Development of the Central Oxytocin System in Mice. Tamborski S, Mintz EM, Caldwell HK. J Neuroendocrinol. 2016 Apr;28(4). doi: 10.1111/jne.12364.


Brain Health Research Institute

Research Institutes and Initiatives

Brain Health Research Institute